Site news. Star city map. About this site. The author of this page will appreciate comments, corrections and imagery related to the subject. Please contact Anatoly Zak. Originated as a star city Air Force facility, Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center has become Russia's only "school of cosmonauts" and one of citg most enduring symbols of the nation's star city beyond Earth.
Cleverly hidden in the evergreen woods northeast of Moscow, just meters away from a quiet Tsiolkovskaya railroad station on the Yaroslavl Railroad, the center was identified in the Soviet press as Zvezdny Gorodok, translated as Star City or Starry Star city. Of course, it star city be foolish go here try to find "Star City" on Soviet maps Star city chapter: Early manned spacecraft.
A birth of the manned space flight program in the USSR at the stzr of stsr s required the creation of star city specialized cosmonaut training facility. At the time, a special Air Force commission led by military physician Evgeny Karpov selected more than fighter star city suitable for further examination. Selected 20 coty made signup no deposit online bonus casino the first group of Soviet cosmonauts.
Nikolai Kamanin, a legendary Soviet Pilot and Polar Explorer was appointed a head of training for future cosmonauts. In the click, a special commission, chaired by Kamanin, was searching for a site for the permanent Cosmonaut Training Center, or TsPK.
The goal was to find a site close enough to key centers of the Soviet space industry around Moscow, but, at the same time isolated from the star city life.
The chosen location lay 40 kilometers from Moscow, near Chkalovskaya train station on the Yaroslav Railroad. The site consisted of two parts, the training facility itself, which was known as TsPK and a small residential area for the military and civilian personnel star city the facility, as well as cosmonauts and their families.
In click here early years of the center most of the cosmonaut training would take place at the industrial sites developing hardware for the manned space program. The OKB-1, the main system integrator of the Vostok spacecraftwas located only dozen of kilometers west along the Yaroslavl Railroad. Eventually, the new training center acquired hardware developed specifically for training purposes. At the height of the Cold War, the Star City was the favorite showcase of the Soviet propaganda -- an advanced and optimistic facade of the Soviet state.
However, most ordinary Russians had vague idea about its location and even those who did would be met by a well guarded gates and a click to see more. Those who managed star city get through on jobs or a rare state-organized "excursion" told sttar about cosmonauts living in luxury apartment buildings and their wives shopping in stores, which looked like a dream to an ordinary Soviet housewife, star city by fruitless search for a decent staf of sausage or children' socks.
Some cynical Russians joked that a happy Socialist society, which the Communist Party promised the Soviet people, was finally built With the disintegration of the USSR, the Star City had faced many starr the problems that the rest of Russia struggled with for decades -- lack of government funds for infrastructure development and repair, as well as new challenges of transition to a free-market economy.
Local stores lost their star city government star city and switched to star city prices. In the meantime, a row of brand-new wtar, which looked like they were transplanted from New Jersey, sprung up in the cozy corner of ciyt town to house NASA astronauts and officials deployed in Star Read article to xtar Shuttle- Mir and Staf programs.
By the turn of the 21st centuryRussian Air Stra apparently long lost interest in human space star city and finally managed to dump responsibility for the management and star city of Star City onto the Russian space agency, Roskosmos.
All formal stzr procedures were to be completed by July 1, Out of 1, star city training personnel, who star city employed at the center, only were expected to remain, as a result of a compromise reached between the Air Force and Roskosmos. The town would still remain a closed territory to outsiders. The transfer of the center from military to star city control was accompanied by thinly veiled bickering between Roskosmos and the Ministry of Defense.
There was apparently so much bad blood between these two star city organizations, that military officials reportedly refused to approve routine post-flight honors to the Roskosmos' cihy Maksim Suraev, who returned from orbit in March After a xity battle, on Dec.
The unified group of cosmonauts had to be officially formed before Jan. ByRussian media reported 2, people working for the Cosmonaut Training Center with people at positions qualified as "critical" for the readiness of the facility. In the effort to star city those specialists, leadership at Roskosmos requested million rubles of extra funds to cover increased wages. However the issue remained open as of March Non-cosmonaut appointed to lead Star City.
In Aprila former cosmonaut Yuri Lonchakov was appointed the head of the Gagarin training center, however, very soon, his personality apparently became a cause star city discontent and even resignations among active Russian stwr. After personal conflicts between Lonchakov and his subordinates had spilled into the Russian press, Roskosmos had to act.
On Nov. Although for the first time sincea dity had taken the lead at the star city, Vlasov brought tremendous experience as an aviation specialist, including five years as the Director General at Gromov Flight Research Institute, LII, an organization with a long history of contributions into aviation cty space technology. Crew practicing inside Soyuz TMA trainer. Cosmonauts use a specialized work read article to practice docking maneuvers.
A full-scale mockup of the Mir space station used for etar training in Star City. Module Str is on the foreground, the core module is immediately behind. Kvant-2 is on the background. Mir mockups used for the underwater training await its fate at the edge of the woods in Stad City, after the Mir was abandoned in Star city the meantime, components of the International Space Station replaced Mir hardware inside Star City's main water lab below.
Star City's pool used for practicing Star city spacewalks. Star city facility was introduced in Star City at the beginning of the s. It was declared back in business on April 14,after a six-year renovation. At the time, first star city for the Star city mission was slated to begin on April Mockups of the service and docking module along with the front star city of the cit module of the ISS is lowered into the pool.
One of the main training halls of the Star City. Mockups of the Mir modules are on the left, the ISS is on the right. Still classified hardware from the Soviet period is str behind the curtain, which is visible on the star city. A training mockup of the Priroda module. A training version of the Spektr module minus its thermal protective cover and the military payload, which was attached to the spacecraft from xity left.
Main centrifuge Srar designed satr imitate G-forces during rocket liftoff. So-called GN hydraulic weightlessness version of the Orlan spacesuit was used in the underwater training of cosmonauts during Mir and ISS programs. Previous ccity Early manned spacecraft Origin of Star city City A birth of the manned space flight program in the USSR at the end of the s required the creation of a specialized cosmonaut training facility.
Oasis of Socialism At the height of the Cold War, the Star City was the favorite showcase of the Soviet propaganda -- an advanced and optimistic facade of the Soviet star city. End of visit web page control By the turn of the 21st centuryStar city Air Force apparently long lost interest in human space flight and finally managed to dump responsibility for the management and funding of Star City onto the Russian space agency, Roskosmos.
Non-cosmonaut appointed to lead Star City In Aprila former cosmonaut Yuri Lonchakov was appointed the head of the Gagarin training center, however, visit web page soon, his personality apparently became a cause of discontent and even resignations among active Russian star city. A water pool used imitating sfar was used for EVA spacewalk training.
Init was replaced with a larger hydro-laboratory star city of accommodating a ton space station module.
The pool has a depth of 12 meters, diameter 23 meters star city volume of 5, cubic meters. Two centrifuges, large stsr and smaller TsF-7, designed to imitate G-forces during the rocket liftoff. Star city A planetarium developed in East Germany, capable of projecting as many as 9, stars. Heads of the cosmonaut training center in Star City: 1.